paṭiccasamuppāda

2021.03.15 18:48

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Pratītyasamutpāda


Pratītyasamutpāda (Sanskritप्रतीत्यसमुत्पाद pratītyasamutpādaPaliपटिच्चसमुप्पाद paṭiccasamuppāda)

dependent origination, or interdependent arising


paṭicca: on the ground(camp) of

The Sanskrit root of the word is prati* whose forms appear more extensively in the Vedic literature, and it means "to go towards, go back, come back, to approach" with the connotation of "observe, learn, convince oneself of the truth of anything, be certain of, believe, give credence, recognize". In other contexts, a related term pratiti* means "going towards, approaching, insight into anything"


samuppāda: co-arising


a key doctrine of Buddhistphilosophy,[note 1] which states that all dharmas ("phenomena") arise in dependence upon other dharmas: "if this exists, that exists; if this ceases to exist, that also ceases to exist".


expression: the links of dependent origination (Palidvādasanidānāni, Sanskrit: dvādaśanidānāni) in Buddhism, a linear list of twelve elements


Traditionally the list is interpreted as describing the conditional arising of rebirth in saṃsāra, and the resultant duḥkha (suffering, pain, unsatisfactoriness).[2]

 An alternative Theravada interpretation regards the list as describing the arising of mental formations and the resultant notion of "I" and "mine," which are the source of suffering.[3][4] 

Traditionally, the reversal of the causal chain is explained as leading to the annihilation of mental formations and rebirth


The first four links may be a mockery of the Vedic-Brahmanic cosmogony, as described in the Hymn of Creation of Veda X, 129 and the Brihadaranyaka Upanishad


While this list describes the processes which give rise to rebirth, it also analyzes the arising of dukkha as a psychological process, without the involvement of an atman.


The term may also refer to the twelve nidānas, Palidvādasanidānāni, Sanskrit: dvādaśanidānāni, from     dvādaśa ("twelve") + nidānāni (plural of "nidāna", "cause, motivation, link")



Avidya


Sankara



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